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Building an Yixing Tea Pot

Building an Yixing Tea Pot

Building an Yixing Tea Pot

Artist Pan Yang shows us how it's done!

May 5, 2016

This Spring, artist Pan Yang was kind enough to show how he builds an Yixing tea pot body, completely by hand. Watch as he turns a brick of clay into a beautifully formed pot at his small studio over about 20 minutes, using only simple tools and his own years of experience.  In the backgroung, a Kung Fu action movie plays while he works.

This is only the one step in a longer multi-day process – creating and finishing the lid, sculpting and joining the handle and spout, and generally perfecting every aspect of the pot, inside and out.  Once everything is complete, the Pan Yang will fire the pot in his carefully controlled electric kiln.

Potters spend years learning and mastering traditional tea pot forms, first as students and then as young artists in their own right. Only after years of experience will an artist create their own unique designs and shapes, and eventually share these with students of their own.

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From start to finish, it took about a half an hour for Pan Yang to hand form the body of this Yixing clay tea pot.

He begins with a section of unformed clay, carefully shaping and flattening into the correct size and thickness. He smooths the clay before measuring and trimming.

  yixing_smoothflattenedclay  yixing_measure  yixing_cutbodylength

Pan Yang uses a simple clay form to temporarily hold the clay at the correct diameter, then uses a straight edge and a blade to cut the clay at an angle where the two edges overlap. He trims and preps the edges to ensure a good fit.

yixing_importantcut  yixing_importantcut2

Pan Yang uses his artist chops to stamp one side of the clay. Once finished, this seal will remain on the interior wall of the tea pot. He places his seal here to emphasize the fact that his pot is built completely by hand, without the assistance of molds, presses, or machines.


Using his fingers, Pan Yang joins the edges of the clay together, then carefully smooths the joining.  He creates a small indentation in the clay, marking the point where he will later attach the handle.

yixing_joiningbody  yixing_sealingjoin  yixing_handlehole

Here’s where things start to take form!  After prepping the clay, he uses a simple wooden paddle to gently strike the clay while he turns the form and supports the clay wall with his free hand. Before your eyes, the body of the pot begins to take shape.


After taking care to make sure the pot is centered on his wheel, he carefully cuts a perfectly circular opening into the top.


Pan Yang measures the opening, then uses wooden calipers to trim a perfect circle of clay.  He then prepares clay slip, which he applies carefully to the edge of the pots’ circular opening.

yixing_cutingcircle yixing_clipprep  yixing_sliphole1

With great skill, Pan Yang expertly tucks the circle of clay into the opening at the top of the pot. Amazingly – the fit is perfect, and the two pieces are now joined together! He makes it all look so easy, but the skill takes years of practice and a steady hand. He carefully smooths out the joining, and uses his paddle to tap the top into place.

yixing_securetophole1  yixing_topbop

Now, he can remove the circular form and flip the pot over. After prepping the clay again, he uses his paddle to strike and form the clay. You can see the body of the pot truly taking shape!

yixing_shapingbody2  yixing_shapingbody2b

He again refines the edge of the new opening into a perfect circle, before creating another circle of clay to fill the opening. He smooths the interior joining that is now exposed on the bottom of the pot form. Finally, Pan Yang applies slip to the edge of the opening, and carefully places the circle of clay into the opening to join the two pieces and finish the main body of the tea pot.  The top cover will be removed only after the outside of the pot has been perfected; these pieces will provide structural stability to the pot as Pan Yang continues to refine the shape, smooth the walls, and attach the spout and handle.

yixing_cuthole2  yixing_cutingcircle_otherside2 yixing_smoothinteriorseal yixing_securebottomhole2  yixing_securebottomhole1

Now, the pot’s body is almost finished!  Pan Yang checks on the shape of the pot, continuously making small adjustments to refine the curve of the walls and make sure all joinings are smooth and secure

yixing_refineshape yixing_checkshape yixing_refineshape2

The pot’s body is now basically finished!  It still needs to be smoothed, refined, and perfected, but that will have to wait until the pot has dried some overnight.


In the meantime, Pan Yang can work on creating the tea pot’s lid and sculpting the spout and handle pieces.


Over the next few days, he’ll be able to smooth the exterior walls, punch the filter holes for the spout, sculpt the spout and handle, and everything else needed to finish this completely hand made yixing tea pot!

yixing_smoothing  yixing_student_smoothbody  yixing_spouthole  yixing_addingspoutholesrefine  yixing_addingspoit  yixing_dashi_spoutperfection  yixing_student_finishingtouches

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