Big Red Robe has captivated generations not only for its flavor, but for the rich legends that surround it.  Like many of the origin stories of tea, Big Red Robe involves emperor, a dream, and a miraculous recovery.  While many variations exist, the story most farmers we know tell starts with a dying empress.


The Dying Empress

In those days, the empress had grown up in the mountains of Wuyi in Fujian province before being taken to the imperial court to live out her days.  Some say that she was afflicted with homesickness, longing for the rocky misty cliffs of Wuyi, but trapped in a cage of jewels and silks.  She began to fade, getting weaker and weaker.  The emperor loved her deeply and couldn’t bear to let her go.  He called all the greatest doctors of China, who tried their healing arts, preparing remedies from the rarest of herbs.  Nothing changed the empress’ state.  All that the emperor could do was  issue a proclamation across the land begging any who had a cure to come to the imperial city, promising riches.


The Pious Farmer’s Dream

Far away in the mountains of Wuyi in Xing Village, a pious farmer heard the proclamation and felt sadness in his heart.  He would do anything for the empress, who was almost a folk hero for the local villagers who heard stories of her time in Wuyi.  That night, a goddess – perhaps even Guanyin herself – came to him in a dream and revealed the cure: twisted bushes growing off the side of a great cliff.  The farmer braved the elements and scaled the cliff wall to pick the tea leaves from these rugged plants.


The Empress Cured

The farmer sent the leaves with a messenger to the empress.  Desperate, the emperor agreed to let the doctors steep up a medicinal brew from the leaves and feed it to the empress.  As soon as the tea touched her lips, she awoke and began to regain strength.  The rugged and humble flavor of the leaves reminded her of home and restored her spirits.


Red Robes of Gratitude & Nobility

The emperor sent the symbolic red robes of nobility to the farmer who saved his wife, granting him land and status.  In gratitude, the farmer named the tea Big Red Robe, and continued to climb the cliff each year to pick tea for the empress to remind her of their shared home in the Wuyi Mountains.


Some people even say that all oolongs originated with Big Red Robe and the tea of Wuyi, as the word oolong translates to dark dragon.  This could either be a reference to the dark curled shape of the leaves that is distinct to Big Red Robe, or a reference to a specific precipice of the Wuyi mountains that was named Wulong because it was shaped like a dragon.


For Emperors, Visiting Kings and Presidents

The original bushes still grow off the cliffs of Wuyi.  They are considered a national treasure, part of China’s cultural heritage.  Occasionally, to commemorate an important event, tea is still harvested from the bushes and made into oolong by the great masters of Fujian.  It is usually reserved for high-up government officials, and as gifts for dignitaries.  In fact, the Chinese tea farmers still speak with indignation of President Nixon, who was given a small canister of real Big Red Robe, but did not seem to understand its importance.


The high-end Big Red Robes of China are closely related to the original bushes, since they were created by grafting clippings of the real bushes onto nearby tea bushes growing on the cliffs of Wuyi.  This rare tea is still hand picked by family farmers and tea masters like the Li Family in Xing Village, and still benefits from the rocky soil and misty air of Wuyi, but is available in quantities large enough to sell.  It is difficult to find authentic Big Red Robe that is exported from China.  Usually what makes it out of China is tea from the surrounding regions grown on level plantations, processed to look and taste similar to the real thing.  There is nothing wrong with this, but the complexity of flavor is diminished whenever you cultivate a tea without biodiversity.  The best teas are wild-crafted because they have the most exposure to other plants, and the most balanced soil.